South Luangwa National Park
South Luangwa National Park in Zambia is one of Africa’s best safari destinations. The concentration of wildlife that lives around the Luangwa River is one of the highest in Africa. Pods of hippos number in the hundreds, there are lions, leopard, elephant, African wild dogs, unique species of zebra and giraffe, as well as over 400 species of birds. The South Luangwa National Park is a wild and beautiful place and should not be missed when visiting southern Africa
This became the Nsefu Sector, which was absorbed into the boundaries of the present park when new legislation turned all game reserves into national parks in February 1972. Situated at the tail end of the Great Rift Valley, in the Luangwa Valley, the South Luangwa National Park is wild and remote. It has an abundance of wildlife that is rarely seen in other game reserves and is one of the finest wildlife sanctuaries in the world. This huge area of pristine wilderness is home to a large variety of game and birds, as well as the bigger predators.
The survival of the valley depends on the winding Luangwa River, crowded with hippos, crocodiles and wading waterfowl. Few parks can match this phenomenally high game density nor do they have the ability to show visitors such remarkable wildlife in so remote and isolated a wilderness. There are many excellent lodges in this park.
Experts have dubbed South Luangwa National Park as one of the greatest wildlife sanctuaries in the world, and not without reason. The concentration of game around the Luangwa River and it’s oxbow lagoons is among the most intense in Africa.
The Luangwa River is the most intact major river system in Africa and is the life blood of the park’s 9,050 km2. The Park hosts a wide variety of wildlife birds and vegetation. The now famous ‘walking safari’ originated in this park and is still one of the finest ways to experience this pristine wilderness first hand. The changing seasons add to the Park’s richness ranging from dry, bare bushveld in the winter to a lush green wonderland in the summer months. There are 60 different animal species and over 400 different bird species found in the park. The only notable exception is the rhino, sadly poached to extinction.
Seasonal changes are very pronounced in Luangwa. The dry season begins in April and intensifies through to October, the hottest month when game concentrations are at their height. Warm sunny days and chilly nights typify the dry winter months of May to August. The wet season begins in November as the leaves turn green, and the dry bleak terrain becomes a lush jungle. The rainy season lasts up until the end of March and the migrant birds arrive in droves. Each lodge stays open for as long as access is possible, depending on its location in the area.
South Lunagwa Wildlife
The hippopotamus is one animal you won’t miss. As you cross over the bridge into the park there are usually between 30 and 70 hippos lounging in the river below and most of the dambos and lagoons will reveal many. There is estimated to be at least 50 hippos per kilometre of the Luangwa River.
Crawshay’s Zebra (Equus burchellii crawshyi), a subspecies of Burchell’s Zebra, can be seen running in small herds of about a dozen. The difference between Crawshay’s ’s zebras and the more common (E. burchellii burchellii) species further to the south are the stripe patterns. Here the patterns are without shadow striping and are thinner stripes extending down to the hooves and under the belly as opposed to the more Burchell’s broad light stripes with a faint shadow stripe in-between.
Thornicroft’s Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis thorncrofti) is unique to Luangwa Valley and therefore a specialty of the region. Also seen, but not common are Cookson’s wildebeest (Connochaetes taurines cooksoni) – a subspecies of the Blue Wildebeest.
South Luangwa has 14 different antelope species, most of which are easily seen on day and night drives. Watch out for the elusive bushbuck, preferring to inhabit densely covered areas. The common duiker is not that common near the Luangwa river but inhabits the back country of the Luangwa Valley. The largest of the antelope is the eland, usually near the Nsefu sector of the park. The most numerous antelope is the impala, these gregarious animals can be seen in herds all over the park. Not to be confused with the Puku, of similar size, but a much fluffier buck with a rich orange coat and also prolific.
Perhaps the most beautiful is the Kudu, with its majestic spiral horns and delicate face. Although fairly common, they’re not always easy to find due to their retiring habits and preference for dense bush.. Reedbuck, roan, sable, hartebeest, grysbok, klipspringer and oribi are all here but not prolific in the central tourist area of the Park. They tend to stay deeper in the remote parts towards the Muchinga escarpment.
Hyenas are fairly common throughout the valley and their plaintive, eerie cry, so characteristic of the African bush can be heard on most nights.
South Luangwa also has a good population of leopard but they are not easily seen and tend to retreat when they hear vehicles. Many of the Lodge’s game trackers are skilled in finding leopards on night drives however, and often visitors are rewarded with a full view of a kill.
Lions are as plentiful in the Luangwa as anywhere else in Africa, but when a kill is made away from the central tourist area, the pride may stay away for several days and may not be seen by visitors on a short stay. Very often they roam in prides of up to thirty.
Other carnivores present but not often seen include caracal, wild dog, serval and side-striped jackal.
The Luangwa river also has an extraordinarily high number of crocodiles. It is not uncommon to see several basking on the riverbanks or even floating down the river tearing at a dead animal.
|Visa requirements||Only citizens of countries that are exempted from having to apply for a visa, then one must obtain a visa either at the port of entry or at a Zambian Mission abroad. For further information please visit the Zambia Tourist Board page on http://www.zambiatourism.com/travel-info/visa-information|
|Languages spoken||English, Nyanja, Nsenga, Chewa|
|Currency used||Zambian Kwacha|
|Area (km2)||9050 sq km|