Livingstone & Surrounds

Livingstone & Surrounds

Things to do - general

Livingstone was, until 2012, the capital of the Southern Province of Zambia. Lying 10 km (6.2 mi) to the north of the Zambezi River, it is a tourism centre for the Victoria Falls and a border town with road and rail connections to Zimbabwe on the other side of the Victoria Falls. A historic British colonial city, its present population was estimated at 136,897 inhabitants at the 2010 census.[1]It is named after David Livingstone, the British explorer who was the first European to explore the area.

Victoria Falls

Victoria Falls, or Mosi-oa-Tunya (Tokaleya Tonga: the Smoke that Thunders), is a waterfall in southern Africa on the Zambezi River at the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe.

David Livingstone, the Scottish missionary and explorer, is believed to have been the first European to view Victoria Falls on 16 November 1855 from what is now known as Livingstone Island, one of two land masses in the middle of the river, immediately upstream from the falls on the Zambian side. Livingstone named his discovery in honour of Queen Victoria, but the indigenous name, Mosi-oa-Tunya—”the smoke that thunders”—continues in common usage as well. The nearby national park in Zambia, for example, is named Mosi-oa-Tunya, whereas the national park and town on the Zimbabwean shore are both named Victoria Falls. The World Heritage List officially recognizes both names.

In 2013 the government of Zimbabwe declared its intention to officially rename the falls “Mosi-oa-Tunya”, citing continuity with other renamings such as Harare (from Salisbury), and Zimbabwe (from Rhodesia).

Size
While it is neither the highest nor the widest waterfall in the world, it is classified as the largest, based on its width of 1,708 metres (5,604 ft) and height of 108 metres (354 ft), resulting in the world’s largest sheet of falling water.

Mosi-ao-Tunya National Park

Mosi-ao-Tunya National Park is divided into two sections; a game park along the riverbank and the staggering Victoria Falls, each with separate entrances. The immense and awe-inspiring Victoria Falls are known to the local people as Mosi-oa-Tunya – “Smoke Which Thunders”, and is the greatest known curtain of falling water in the world.

However you describe them, the falls are a breathtaking spectacle which, “roar as if possessed”, and spew vast clouds of mist from a dark and seething cauldon.” They are one of the greatest natural wonders in the world.

This is a small wildlife sanctuary (only 25.5 square miles (66 square kilometres) running along the north bank of the Zambezi, encompassed in Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park. It is worth a short visit not only for the sight of what are probably Zambia’s only remaining rhino, but also for some other common species.

Within this park is the Old Drift cemetery where the first European settlers were buried. They made camp by the river, but kept succumbing to a strange and fatal illness. They blamed the yellow/green-barked ‘Fever Trees’ for this incurable malady, while all the time it was the malarial mosquito causing their demise. Before long the community moved to higher ground and the town of Livingstone emerged.

Livingstone’s main street is dotted with classic colonial buildings, and while some are decaying, many others have been restored. Victorian tin roofed houses with wooden verandas are a typical example of the English settler architecture and there is also a distinct art-deco influence. Livingstone is a quiet lazy little town with much charm and a feeling of optimism in the air.

Baboons are frequently seen on the paths leading to the falls and small antelopes and warthogs inhabit the rain forests that hug the edge of the falls. In the wildlife reserve, the pastures and tall riverine forests contain plenty of birds and a scattering of animals including some white rhino, elephants, giraffe, zebra, sable, eland, buffalo and impala.

Country Zambia
Visa requirementsOnly citizens of countries that are exempted from having to apply for a visa, then one must obtain a visa either at the port of entry or at a Zambian Mission abroad. For further information please visit the Zambia Tourist Board page on http://www.zambiatourism.com/travel-info/visa-information
Languages spokenTokaleya, Tonga, Lozi, Nyanja, Bemba, English
Currency usedZambian Kwacha

Sports & nature

Livingstone is rich in variety of activities as there are several Adventure Companies offering Riverboarding, White water rafting, Canoeing, Horse riding trails, Abseiling, as well as Boat cruises, Walks with lions, Elephant back safaris, Quad bikes riding, Kayaking and tours to the Victoria Falls, Mukuni Cultural Village and the places of interest in Livingstone.Sports and nature image

Nightlife info

Livingstone's nightlife centres largely around dancing and drinking, although the bars at various restaurants (Hippos, The Waterfront, Sun Hotel, Zig Zag, etc) offer a pleasant atmosphere if you simply want to relax and chat. Those wishing to dance and partake of the 'local' nightlife should try Eat Rite's open-air disco on Kapondo Street (not to be confused with the EatRite Snack Bar on the main road), which moonlights as a nightclub – Steprite Sounds – on Fridays and Saturdays. Dress code is 'no shorts, no tropicals and no vests'. Ravestone, across the street, can also be a fun spot where you can shoot a round of pool as well. Nightlife image

Culture and history info

Mukuni, 9.6 km to the south-east of present day Livingstone, was the largest village in the area before Livingstone was founded. Its Baleya inhabitants, originally from the Rozwi culture in Zimbabwe, were conquered by Chief Mukuni who came from the Congo in the 18th century. Another group of Baleya under Chief Sekute lived near the river west of the town. The most numerous people in the area, though, were the Batoka under Chief Musokotwane based at Senkobo, 30 km (19 mi) north. These are southern Tonga people but are culturally and linguistically similar to the Baleya and grouped with them as the 'Tokaleya'. Memorial to David Livingstone The Tokaleya paid tribute to the Lozi of Barotseland but in 1838 the Kololo, a Sotho tribe from South Africa displaced by Zulu wars, migrated north and conquered the Lozi. The Kololo placed chiefs of their subordinate Subiya people of Sesheke over the Tokaleya. In 1855 Scottish missionary traveler David Livingstone became the first European to be shown the Zambezi in the Livingstone vicinity and to see Victoria Falls when he was taken there by the Subiya/Kololo Chief Sekeletu.Culture and history image
Islands of Siankaba

Islands of Siankaba

The Islands of Siankaba P.O. Box 60845, Livingstone, Zambia, Livingstone & Surrounds
The Islands of Siankaba luxury lodge is located on two private islands in the middle of the mighty Z More info

Unfortunately there are no self-catering offers at this location at the moment.

Unfortunately there are no tour offers at this location at the moment.

Unfortunately there are no cruise offers at this location at the moment.

Unfortunately there are no car rental offers at this location at the moment.